Resources for Community Corrections Professionals
The following resources on collaboration may be of specific interest to community corrections professionals. These materials underscore the importance of collaboration to the success of community corrections agencies; provide examples of successful collaborative efforts; and highlight the use of specific resources by community corrections professionals.
Collaboration: An Essential Strategy. Topics in Community Corrections, Annual Issue 2001. LIS Inc. Washington, D.C.: National Institute of Corrections, 2001.
This issue of Topics in Community Corrections provides illustrations of collaborative partnerships in jurisdictions throughout the country and describes the creation of collaborative teams which include a variety of community partners: victim organizations, citizens, sex offender treatment providers, law enforcement, domestic violence centers, faith–based organizations, and the court community. Also included are case studies that outline each collaborative’s accomplishments, the steps in their approach to establishing better collaboration, the challenges they faced, and the lessons learned.
Implementing Evidence–Based Principles in Community Corrections: Collaboration for Systemic Change in the Criminal Justice System. Washington, D.C.: National Institute of Corrections, Community Corrections Division, and Boston, MA: Crime and Justice Institute, 2004.
This article explains how the use of collaboration fits into an integrated model for system reform within community corrections. The article provides information on the key elements of successful collaboratives, the individuals who should be involved, and other information for guiding the work of a collaborative team.
Partnerships in Corrections: Six Perspectives. Center for Community Corrections. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, 1999.
A new mindset has taken hold in community corrections that there is a mutual need for the community and the justice system to work together in order to provide public safety, victim support, and offender success. This monograph reviews the six key participants in successful community corrections partnerships: citizens, elected officials, prosecutors, judiciary, the defense bar, and probation and parole.
Responding to Parole and Probation Violations: A Handbook to Guide Local Policy Development, Carter, M. (Ed.). Washington D.C.: National Institute of Corrections, 2001.
This handbook was developed to assist practitioners and policymakers in responding to violations in ways that enhance the effectiveness of community supervision and improve community safety. The handbook places a strong emphasis on collaboration as a means to effectively address violation behavior. The handbook will be of particular interest to community corrections professionals who wish to: form a collaborative team to work together on probation violation responses; examine the extent and impact of violations on the community; understand violations in the context of the goals of supervision; establish clear goals for the violations process; formulate policies to guide the violations process and develop methods to carry them out; examine and modify the range of responses to violation behavior; and monitor the impact of these policies.
A Guide to Court and Community Collaboration. Rottman, D., Efkeman, H., and Casey, P. Williamsburg, VA: National Center for State Courts, 1998.
This guide is intended to inform judges, court administrators, justice system officials, and community leaders about the lessons that have been learned by local jurisdictions that have established court and community collaborations. While the guide focuses heavily on trial courts, some examples of how courts have collaborated with community corrections officials are included. One example highlights a program where juveniles and adults receive information on handgun violence and educational and vocational resources as a result of a collaborative partnership between community corrections officers, law enforcement, and the court.
Defining Drug Courts: The Key Components. The National Association of Drug Court Professionals. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, 1997.
In order to be effective, drug court judges must work closely with a range of stakeholders including community corrections personnel to require appropriate treatment for offenders, monitor their progress, and ensure the delivery of other services to help offenders remain crime and drug free. Drug court involvement by community corrections professionals may be particularly beneficial by generating additional partnerships with other agencies. This document provides an overview of the key components of a successful drug court, and includes guidelines for community corrections officials to determine their role on a drug court team.
The Evolution of Juvenile Justice: Community–based Partnerships Through Balanced and Restorative Justice, DeAngelo, A. Corrections Today, August 2005.
This article explains the collaboration formed between juvenile probation and other community entities in Lehigh County, Pennsylvania. Through a partnership with local schools and law enforcement, probation officers were able to work more closely with the juveniles on their caseloads. They also utilized other local partnerships to provide their probationers with mentors from local colleges and opportunities to learn job skills such as construction, home repair, office skills, and gardening.
Falling Crime Rates, Rising Caseload Numbers: Using Police–Probation Partnerships. Condon, C. Corrections Today, February 2003.
This article describes a collaborative formed between probation officers and law enforcement in San Bernardino, California where teams of probation and police officers performed home and street contacts with high–risk offenders, at–risk youth, and probationers during evening hours. Noted benefits from the partnership include increased communication, shared knowledge and skills, and increased ability to hold offenders accountable.
Making the Connection Between Law Enforcement and Supervision: A Look at the Linkages Among Drug Courts, Law Enforcement, and Community–Based Corrections. Gibeson, C. Alexandria, VA: National Association of Drug Court Professionals, 2000.
This document, based on the observations of a focus group of five jurisdictions across the country operating drug courts, frames the linkages between drug courts, law enforcement, and community corrections. It includes a discussion of working linkages and their outcomes, potential positive effects of drug courts on the community, challenges faced by jurisdictions in forming these partnerships, and the participants’ vision of the future of drug courts and the partnerships they shape.
Accountability Through Innovation and Collaboration. Vander Sanden, B. and Faulkner, R. Corrections Today, August 2003.
Given that the responsibility for absconding offenders is often blurred between law enforcement and community corrections professionals, increased collaboration between these two stakeholders is needed to enhance public safety. This article features community corrections agencies across the country that have successfully built collaboratives with local law enforcement.
Chapter 3: Children and Youth, in Faith Community and Criminal Justice Collaboration, Washington, D.C.: National Crime Prevention Council, 2005.
This book chapter highlights the ways in which people of faith collaborate with key stakeholders, including community corrections professionals, to lessen criminal activity. Examples include: a program that convenes collaborative teams (which is made up of a community corrections officer, a police officer, religious leader, a community prosecutor, and a victim assistant) to make home visits to youth under community supervision, and provide referrals for services or contacts the appropriate agency depending on the offender’s needs; and a partnership between the Lutheran Social Services of Wisconsin and Upper Michigan, and local probation offices that provides the families of probationers with child–abuse prevention services and parenting programs.
Chapter 7: Working Together, in Faith Community and Criminal Justice Collaboration, Washington, D.C.: National Crime Prevention Council, 2005.
For community corrections professionals interested in partnering with law enforcement or faith–based organizations, this book chapter provides useful tips on how to collaborate with these organizations by focusing on a common goal and minimizing misunderstandings.
Community Justice: Concepts and Strategies. Dunlap, K. Lexington, KY: American Probation and Parole Association, 1999.
This guide provides a basic understanding of community justice and the strategies for forming partnerships with the community. Although this guide does not provide step–by–step instructions for community corrections officials, it does include examples of community justice approaches to crime prevention and response. Examples of the methods jurisdictions have used to transition to a community justice approach, including the barriers faced, changes implemented, and achievements made are included.
Understanding Community Justice Partnerships: Assessing the Capacity to Partner. Roman, C., Moore. G, Jenkins, S., and Small, K. Washington D.C.: Urban Institute, Justice Policy Center, 2002.
The role of community organizations in partnerships, and the myriad contextual issues—social, economic, political, and spatial—that challenge or foster their ability to affect positive change within partnership initiatives are reviewed. This document addresses methods to assess the capacity to partner; understanding local community organizations within the context of the community; recognizing community organizations as partners; developing a framework for understanding partnership capacity; and a description of community justice partnerships. Examples of some community corrections partnerships with courts, schools, communities, and families are described.
Community Justice in Rural America: Four Examples and Four Futures. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance, 2001.
This monograph describes four communities that have turned to community justice approaches to prevent and reduce crime. Through this approach, the jurisdictions seek active partnerships with citizens and broad community collaborations to enhance their ability to effectively respond to the complex needs of individuals in their community. In Boise, Idaho, for example, the judge and juvenile probation officer created a steering committee of citizens to identify community problems and formed collaborations with local schools to ensure that all children in the county attended preschool.
Doing Justice for Mental Illness and Society: Federal Probation and Pretrial Services Officers as Mental Health Specialists. Slate, R., Roskes, E., Feldman, R., and Baerga, M. Federal Probation, December 2003.
This article provides community corrections professionals with an overview of why collaboration is important to addressing mental health problems in offenders who reside in the community. The challenges of forming mental health–community corrections partnerships are discussed, and additional resources are provided.